Beginner’s Guide to Guitar Chords Learning

Guitar chords are one of the essential building blocks of music. To start off right, it is advisable to learn and master several basic ones before moving on to more complicated ones.

C Major is an easy scale to play – simply aligning your fingers along a slanted pattern so that the notes line up.


C, G, A, D and E (CAGED) chords should be familiar to everyone; these major chords convey positive emotions through music. When viewing a chord diagram remember that boxes represent frets while numbers indicate finger placement on each fret. Circles or other shapes with note markers serve to display each note of a chord while Xs or Os indicate strings/notes which should not be played (muted).

Strumming chords requires keeping the beat consistent; to do this, use a metronome or tap your foot for this rhythm, practicing strumming on downstrokes only and adding an upstroke between beats 3 and 4. As you learn new chords, you may discover there are various variations available – some may clash with each other so it is wise to first master basic concepts before expanding on them further.


Beginners should start with open chords as these do not require much finger strength and will also help build dexterity for more intricate chord structures.

Learn to read chord diagrams effectively – this will show which strings and frets to press down on, whether each string belongs in a chord, etc.

Most chords are constructed of three notes known as triads, or three note chords. Triads can be extended by adding seventh or sixth intervals to create altered chords which create tension within music.

Chords can be divided into various classes according to their underlying scale, enabling musicians to utilize similar chord shapes across a wide array of songs – for instance a Cmaj7 can be played as either a C major triad or G minor 7. Additionally, using that chord shape in another key such as D can have completely different results!


Subtracting one or two notes can drastically transform a chord’s sound, such as when adding two to an open G chord to make a Cadd9 chord – perfect for use in songs like ‘Knockin’ on Heaven’s Door’ by Bob Dylan or Guns N’ Roses and ‘American Pie’ by Van Morrison.

Diminished chords offer another great variation to enhance any major or minor chord, providing harmonic motion and resolution while creating harmonic motion and resolution.

Addition of the Sus chord can also help add suspense. By replacing its 3rd with its 4th, this chord works effectively as an instantaneous bridge between major or minor chords on either end of a fretboard, acting like an anchor for transitions between chord shapes.


A chord is composed of several notes combined together and it sounds differently than one note alone, making chords essential for making music. A careful selection of rhythm patterns will bring your chords to life!

Listening to the song you want to learn how to strum is a fantastic way to develop your skills as a strummer. Take note of when chord changes occur and count each beat; while this might prove challenging at first, the end results are well worth your while!

Practice chords often. Building strength and dexterity will allow you to apply enough pressure on your strings for clean chords is necessary, while developing familiarity with pressing on frets won’t take much practice; press down gently on each fret so it doesn’t muffle the sound of chords! With practice, this process should become simpler – always check that chords sound good before proceeding further with practicing them!