Acoustic Guitar Diagram – What Are the Main Components of an Acoustic Guitar?

acoustic guitar diagram

If you’re learning to play an acoustic guitar, it is essential that you become acquainted with its various parts. The diagram below can help identify the major components of an acoustic guitar.

Acoustic guitar bodies consist of the soundboard (or top), back and sides. The soundboard vibrates to produce sound while the back and sides provide structural support while contributing to overall tone and resonance.


Acoustic guitar bodies play an integral role in its sound and design. These can be solid or hollow, and consist of several parts that work together to shape the instrument’s tone.

The lower bout, waist, and upper bout are vital parts of a guitar body that shape its tonality. Not only do these structures provide comfort to the player while playing, but they can be curled or rounded for increased surface area for soundboard resonance when struck.

A sound hole is an integral component of an acoustic guitar’s anatomy that allows strings vibrations to escape the instrument body, producing its sound. Depending on the model and manufacturer, sound holes may differ in size or shape for increased resonance and projection.

The neck is an integral component of an acoustic guitar’s design, connecting from the head stock to the fingerboard (also known as the fretboard). It provides access to higher frets on the fretboard and often used for bending notes. Acoustic guitar necks come in a variety of materials and are typically attached directly to the body for stability.


The neck of an acoustic guitar is a long, thin piece of wood connecting the headstock to the body. This essential element provides support for the strings as they vibrate, producing clear notes with sustained vibration. Furthermore, it supports the fingerboard and frets, enabling guitarists to play their instrument.

The shape and design of a guitar’s neck can vary depending on its model and manufacturer, with various options to suit different playing styles. Some necks follow traditional square shapes while others boast rounded or contoured designs for easier access to higher frets.

Another essential component of the neck is the truss rod, which helps support it while keeping it straight over time. A truss rod may be single-action (using string tension to control curvature) or dual-action (working against string tension).

The sound hole on an acoustic guitar plays a significant role in producing its tone and resonance, with larger holes producing a fuller, more boomy sound while smaller ones offer focused clarity and balanced tonality. The size and placement of the sound hole can affect frequency response and tonal balance; larger holes offer greater dynamic range with deeper bass frequencies while smaller ones provide more focused tonality with reduced feedback at high volume levels.


Acoustic guitar fretboards are flat pieces of wood that sit atop the neck and allow your left-hand fingers to create chords and notes. Commonly, fretboards will feature inlays (AKA position markers) on the 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th, and 12th frets.

Frets are thin metal bars or wires that run perpendicular to the strings, shortening each string’s vibrating length and enabling it to be played at various pitches. Fret spacing varies depending on the neck angle of an instrument as well as what tuning method is used.

Fretboards typically feature a gentle radius across their width, though this radius can differ from guitar to guitar depending on how a player holds their instrument and what strings are strung.

A curved fingerboard also helps enhance the resonance of an instrument, as it acts as an effective Helmholtz resonator. This is important because the resonance interactions between air in the sound box with various harmonic tones create an intricate and beautiful blend of sounds.

The resonance between an acoustic guitar’s sound box and outside air is a crucial element in creating its sound. This process, known as air coupling, is also affected by materials used in construction as well as how its soundboard, back, and sides interact with air inside the instrument.


The bridge is one of the most essential components of any guitar. It plays an essential role in transmitting sound and setting string tension.

The primary function of an acoustic guitar bridge is to enable its strings to vibrate freely without being restricted by other parts of the instrument. Since strings only displace a tiny amount of air, they require some sort of conduit that will amplify them. An acoustic bridge accomplishes this task by attaching itself to the top of an instrument and carrying vibrations from its strings down towards its soundboard.

Acoustic guitar bridges can be constructed from a variety of materials, such as wood and plastic. The most popular choice is plastic due to its cost-efficiency and ease of manufacture.

Another popular material used is metal, which can be plated to add a high-gloss finish or protect it from wear and tear. Other affordable materials include ivory and extruded nylon – popularly found in budget acoustic guitars.

A bridge can also be utilized to add another level of musical control, such as tremolo effect. This technique involves gradually and rapidly altering volume and pitch.

The bridge can also be used to adjust the position of individual strings, allowing them to be wound to tension and tuned for intonation. Furthermore, its saddles control distance between strings by altering their height and spacing.


Acoustic guitar pickups are essential components of the sound you produce and must be understood if you want to master playing the instrument well. Different types of pickups exist, each with their own strengths and drawbacks.

Acoustic guitars typically feature two pickups: one for the neck and another for the bridge. They’re usually connected together via a cable. You can control their volume and tone using a knob located on the guitar body.

These pickups can be either magnetic or piezo (pronounced ‘pee-ay-zo’). Magnetic pickups tend to be preferred because they better capture the natural sound of a guitar than piezo pickups do.

They produce more detail and can be used to recreate the feel of strings being pushed against a guitar body. Furthermore, these pickups are much louder than piezo pickups.

Some players opt to combine a piezo and magnetic pickup, giving them the best of both worlds! This allows them to get the most out of their acoustic guitar.

Piezos are much louder than magnetic pickups, though they may sound ‘quacky’ if played too often on your guitar! They have excellent feedback resistance and can be used on both steel string and nylon string acoustic guitars alike.


Acoustic guitars create sound by amplifying the vibrations of strings when they are plucked (or strummed).

Acoustic guitars begin with the flattop, which features a broad, flat top with its sound hole in the center. Other acoustic guitars have curved tops known as archtops. Both types of guitars can be played in many genres and styles including pop, country and blues.

Acoustic guitars often feature pickups, which are electronic components that can be added to an acoustic guitar in order to alter its tone or add effects.

Systems can be divided into passive and active categories. Passive ones lack electronics, making them cheaper than those with on-board components.

However, passive systems may have stability issues and head off issues if the input impedance is too high or low. An external preamp can solve this issue and provide a more consistent interface.

Another option is purchasing an electro-acoustic guitar, which does not contain any electronics but produces sound acoustically. These types of guitars can be connected to either a PA system or amplifier and tend to offer more versatility than their standard acoustic counterparts.

An acoustic-electric guitar is an ideal option for those seeking a versatile instrument with an acoustic feel and the capacity to perform in front of large audiences. But in order to fully enjoy this authentic sound, you need to invest in quality electronics.