Guitar Chords to Learn

Understanding simple chords is a great way to start off on the guitar. Chord diagrams use symbols such as circles or Xs to indicate which frets and strings you should play.

Once your fingers are in their appropriate places, strumming each string utilized by your chord is next step. If a string has an X in it, mute it by resting your thumb on it to prevent its sounding off.

A Major

There are countless guitar chords that you can learn, but to start out it’s best to focus on some of the most frequently used chords. Doing this will allow you to learn songs more rapidly.

A Major is an easy chord for beginners to pick up quickly. Consisting of C, E and G notes (triads), this chord makes up one of the key guitar chords a beginner needs to know in their repertoire – making it essential for their development as musicians.

To create the chord, your index finger should go on the second string, while middle and ring fingers take over on fourth and fifth strings respectively. Avoid playing sixth or seventh strings as this would disrupt its sound; use these fingers so all strings can be heard when strumming them; if any are inaudible when strumming then either too little pressure has been applied or they are in the wrong place.

C Major

C major is one of the first guitar chords most people learn. Here, we will use a barred form that may require some fingering in order to sound properly; remembering to fret each string using your fingertips to avoid mutesing the sixth string!

This chord shape is commonly known as a dyadic C major due to the fact that it only contains two notes; C and G – making it an ideal starting point when looking for more full sounding open C chords without learning another new shape!

Beginner guitarists must make the leap from barre chords to other shapes quickly and efficiently if they hope to play songs quickly! Practice these voicings until you can play them without thinking about which fingers go where. Doing this will build muscle memory that allows for quicker transitions into other shapes – and songs!

E Major

E major is one of the first open chords you’ll learn, yet can be challenging at first. To ensure it goes smoothly, make sure your fingers are correctly placed on each string, and that every note rings out clearly when picked. Use a metronome as a measure – strum both your new chord and its related barre shape quickly until switching between them without making mistakes or losing rhythm.

This exercise helps build finger strength and dexterity to move easily through other shapes across the neck, while training your mind to memorize each note of a chord – something all professional guitarists do daily! For maximum effectiveness in memorizing chords, short, regular practice sessions are more efficient than longer ones done once or twice each week.

G Major

G major is one of the most frequently played chords by singer-songwriters, featuring notes G-B-D. It can be found across different genres including pop, rock and country music.

Beginners often find the standard open G chord with six strings difficult to play as it requires stretching of their fingers quite extensively. As such, learning alternative shapes for this chord that make playing it simpler on their fingers may be beneficial.

An easy way to play the G chord is with a simplified version that only uses three strings. Simply barre the first fret with your index finger, place middle finger onto second string (ring finger onto third string and pinky onto fifth string), middle finger onto third string and pinky onto fifth string simultaneously – this shape enables beginners to easily play many songs without changing fingers often and help build finger strength; additionally it is an effective transition from G chord to Cadd9 power chord!

Guitar chords are formed when notes played together form a chord. Guitar chords are used in many popular songs and reading the chord diagram will show lines representing each string and numbers denoting which frets are being fretted. An X or O indicates which string should remain muted.


Major chords, used in most songs, make an ideal place to begin practicing barre chords. Their ease of movement up and down the fretboard allows beginners to quickly gain experience as you master barre chords. A G to C chord may present its own difficulties; especially for beginners whose first finger might muted the high E string unless properly curled. Therefore it is crucially important that beginners be wary when practicing it!

Use your index finger as the anchor, keeping it at the second fret of the B string while moving your middle finger up to the third fret of the 5th string and placing pinky and ring fingers onto only top strings, adding pinky and ring fingers as desired for shape creation. Make sure not to press too hard, otherwise the chord may sound muted and buzzy.


Minor chords are among the first chords newcomers must learn, along with major ones. Their melancholic sound makes them popular for use in ballads and emotive pieces of music. Unlike major ones, minor ones only consist of three notes and should be played by strumming all strings except one low E string (which should remain muted).

Learning minor key progressions is an excellent way to add variety to your guitar playing – you could even incorporate these progressions in original songs!

One of the best ways to learn chords is through practice – and ChordBank and Blast-o-chords offer excellent apps that help facilitate this.


Sus4 chords offer an easy and unique way to add new sounds to your musical vocabulary, acting both as ornaments for songs and as replacement chords when other chords fail.

A sus4 chord can be created by substituting its third with another note in the scale – often number four – from any major or minor triad, usually three and five respectively. These open voicings may also be known as spread voicings.

Here are the movable shapes for closed sus4 chords in C major and C minor, as well as 7sus4 chords in C major (with a dominant seventh). These chords can often be heard in songs, adding plenty of color.


A sus chord can often serve as an effective replacement for dominant chords in creating tension and delays of resolution back to tonic chords, creating much anticipated tension before finally returning home to its proper chord.

Riffs can also be used to add movement around a single chord – for instance, in Queen’s Crazy Little Thing Called Love opening riff is an example.

Sus chords provide a challenging learning opportunity for new guitarists while offering something fresh for experienced guitarists who want to broaden their horizons and experiment with something different. So explore them, and see how they can enrich your music!


Sus chords are a staple in jazz guitar playing and provide a great way to add variety and complexity to regular chord progressions. By employing the hammer on/pull off technique, these chords allow you to play different notes within each chord shape – for instance an Am chord can become Dsus4 when played with its D lifted from its second string – giving each progression unique flavor and interest.

These types of voicings work particularly well when applied to power chord tunes and can even be played stacked. Give these techniques a try on songs like Dave Matthew’s Band’s Satellite or Def Leppard’s Love Bites for yourself to experience this in action.

A major chord consists of its root note, flat 3rd note, and 5th notes from the C major scale (1-3-5), while minor chords consist of its root note, flat 3rd, and 5th notes from D minor scale (1-b3-5). Sus2 chords replaces its 3rd with an open-sounding perfect fourth note to create an inviting feel with slightly melancholic overtones.