How to Play Piano Notes on the Piano

As a beginner, remembering all of the notes can be challenging. Luckily, there are ways mnemonic devices can make this easier.

First step to learning music: familiarizing yourself with musical alphabet letters that correspond with piano keys. Next comes understanding rhythm which dictates how long and many beats per measure it should be held for.


Scales are an integral practice exercise for all pianists. They help develop technique, finger dexterity and hand independence as well as providing the foundation needed for learning chords and key progressions, and understanding musical theory.

Beginning pianists often begin by learning C major and A minor scales, though there are other scales they should try as well. Your order of learning depends on personal preferences and needs – some like to start off learning major scales first before moving on to minor and then chromatic (which use both black keys and white keys) scales; others start off learning C major before slowly progressing through other major or minor scales as they feel more comfortable with them.

One of the key points when practicing scales is not playing them too quickly; evenness should take priority over speed, and trying to play too fast may strain fingers unnecessarily. Alternating between left and right hands when practicing scales also helps increase finger dexterity and hand independence.

One key element of playing scales musically is to do so musically. This includes changing articulation and intensity of notes as well as altering their tempo through crescendo and decrescendo techniques – something which enables piano players to express various emotions through their piano playing as well as make scales seem less mechanical and mechanical.

Many musicians find that memorizing music works best when broken into smaller chunks and repeated. This makes it easier to remember and recall information while increasing understanding about what is being played. Furthermore, this method helps prevent errors that might otherwise arise from trying too quickly to memorize something new.

Beginners often curl their fingers when playing scales, which can cause tension and be hard to break out of. Instead, their fingertips should be relaxed but slightly curled up so as to facilitate proper finger passing on the keyboard; this way the thumb can reach down comfortably to reach black keys without twisting or straining their wrists.


Learning chords on the piano is an indispensable skill for anyone interested in singing songs or creating original compositions. While more intricate aspects may develop later, its basics should remain straightforward and accessible to all.

Basic chord theory states that chords are composed of groups of three notes that work harmoniously together, regardless of scale. They may even be from different scales altogether and arranged differently to create different sounds. No matter how many notes make up the chord, starting off with one note called the root is always necessary – this bottom note can usually be played using your thumb on either hand and can even include pinkie fingers!

An effective way to practice playing chords is to select a song you enjoy and locate its chord chart. Study each chord individually until your fingers can move between each one smoothly without thinking too much about them; then practice playing through an entire song until you feel comfortable with how changing up its order affects its sound.

If you want to add more complexity to your chords, chord extensions may also add new dimensions. This technique involves lowering either the second or third note by one or two half steps in order to produce different sounds; only attempt this when you have an understanding of what music you are playing and can easily distinguish what sounds good and bad.

When practicing basic chords, it is best to keep your fingers close together so each finger can hit all notes simultaneously. In addition, short nails will allow for direct chord playback using just your fingertips – helping prevent sharp or flat notes as well as fatigued hands!


Intervals are fundamental building blocks of music, appearing in chords, melodies and harmonies. Furthermore, they form the basis of sight reading and ear training techniques – thus understanding them is integral to piano success.

Musical intervals, also referred to as intervals, refers to the distance between two notes that can either be perfect, minor, augmented, or diminished in tone. They are measured both in half steps and whole steps and create unique sounds when played together.

Intervals may appear like random jumps between identical keys on a piano to non-musicians, but pianists must think of intervals more as than just numbers; each interval also has qualities that determine effort and timing when performing it – for instance a perfect third (three half steps) sounds very sharply and often requires fast playing; conversely a minor third can have more rhythmic flow when played slowly.

Learning piano requires knowing and being able to identify seven distinct musical intervals on the music staff. The first step to recognizing an interval is finding its lower note (tonic), then seeing whether its upper note belongs to any major scale built off that tonic; if so, that interval is considered major or perfect interval.

Learning intervals using piano’s white keys is another effective method for memorizing and practicing intervals, since this breaks them into more manageable chunks that make learning intervals simpler. For example, the space between middle C and D represents an octave consisting of 12 semitones or half steps – making memorizing and practicing easier and more manageable than trying to memorize or practice intervals directly.

Interval reading requires pianists to place one finger on each note when reading intervals, which may initially feel unnatural for beginners. Mnemonic devices and regular practice should help a pianist establish a firm connection with the keyboard. Tight fingers may impede your speed; therefore it is wise to ensure they remain loose!

Develop an in-depth knowledge of intervals to open new patterns and increase accuracy while improving rhythm and understanding why some chords sound good together while others require more effort – this will make piano playing intuitive and beautiful!


Addition of chords can add depth and expression to piano music, creating more expressive and beautiful tunes. To do this, try matching up your chords to the notes in your melody – using key signatures as a guide, you should look at which notes are natural versus sharps/flats (for instance if your piece is in C major with two sharps) you would need to find chords that contain this note (preferably starting with just one chord per measure unless your melody changes rapidly).

Based on the style of music you are performing, passing tones may also add depth to your melody. These notes do not fit directly into one chord but still add interest and texture to the overall sound of your chord progression – something which can become easier as you gain experience playing melodies and chords together. This is something to explore further over time as your comfort with both grows.

Once you have created a melody that goes well with its chords, it is time to put it into a catchy and pleasing rhythm. To help find what sounds best, counting out beats is often helpful; continue practicing until the melody sounds natural; also pay close attention to how phrasing changes how your melody sounds!

Beginners often find it easier to focus on playing melody with their right hand while their left takes care of chords. This approach makes keeping track of keys and notes simpler, rather than keeping track of complex shapes required for chord playing.

As you practice, your skill in combining the two will increase and it will become much more enjoyable to play melodies on the piano. Beginners should stick with playing simple melodies they know so as not to overwhelm themselves while learning how to play notes and chords on piano.