How to Set Up a Home Studio

To create the same professional appearance as some of your favorite Instagram producers, a clean backdrop and lighting are essential – but everything else about your home studio setup is entirely up to you.

An essential investment is a computer with the necessary processing power and storage space for digital audio software. You’ll also require an audio interface supporting phantom power so your microphones can function.

Sound System

Recording music requires being able to hear what you are creating, which is why a sound system is such an essential part of any home studio. To set one up properly, consider doing some acoustic treatment of the room as well as investing in an audio interface with multiple inputs and outputs.

Audio interfaces serve as the connecting hub between your computer, monitor speakers and any microphones or DI instruments you may possess. They also contain and transmit your signal directly to speakers while helping reduce any low-level hum from audio equipment such as USB mics.

An effective interface must have at least two channels to connect various sound sources, such as a singer with guitar and drum kit, to one another. You can find basic two-channel models for approximately $50; larger projects may require something with additional inputs, like four channel models for live bands.

Studio headphones are an essential part of the recording studio experience, whether for listening, mixing or detecting instrument bleed when recording. Furthermore, headphones help prevent listening fatigue during long mixing sessions.

For optimal results, open-back headphones should be preferred over closed ones. An open-back design helps better regulate acoustic leakage between your speakers and headphones and creates more natural sounding responses while wearing them for long periods. Also consider investing in noise canceling features to filter out unwanted ambient sounds.


Home recording studios rely on an audio interface as their core component. An interface links together your computer, monitors, microphones and DAW software; additionally it serves as the hub for connecting other gear. When choosing an interface for home studio recording, consider its size and purpose: two channel interfaces typically suffice; it would also be wise to consider having one that provides phantom power to support microphones if possible.

Next, you will require studio headphones. Studio headphones are specifically designed to be used for listening tasks, such as tracking and mixing. Their sound differs significantly from consumer audio speakers; instead they should not attempt to flatter music as an additive effect. Search for either open-back headphones or closed-back headphones with high noise isolation ratings for optimal use.

Finally, you’ll require a microphone stand to hold your mic in place. Selecting an ideal stand will reduce vibrations and noise caused by handling it – not to mention providing additional security against unwanted sounds entering through it! For optimal results in home studio recording sessions.

Acoustic treatment is the final piece in your recording space setup puzzle to address sound reflections and control. Many new home studios can suffer from troubling echos in their recordings; to effectively address these echoes use panels and furniture that can absorb sound such as bass traps at mirror points in the room and pillows/duvets/rugs etc to absorb and soften sounds emitted by speakers etc.


Monitors are an integral component of any home studio setup. They enable you to hear all of the audio tracks and MIDI you’ve made in your studio, giving an accurate sonic picture of the music being created there. Audio monitors differ from speakers in that they produce professional-quality sound with more balanced frequencies; this enables you to produce mixes that translate well across systems while avoiding distortion or other forms of sonic anomaly that might otherwise obscure its sound.

Ideal monitor setup involves positioning them in a near-field configuration, which involves positioning the monitors into an equilateral triangle with your listening position and keeping the distance roughly even between the center of each speaker and your ears; approximately two to four feet should be enough distance for this setup. Many studio monitors can even be adjusted by “toeing-in” towards your listening spot to create an ideal sweet spot – there are even apps dedicated to helping with this process!

Even if your room doesn’t permit for a near-field setup, it is still wise to establish as much separation between speakers and walls as possible. This is particularly important with bass frequencies as these often radiate outwards and reflect off surfaces – this reflected sound can then combine with direct signal from speakers to distort frequency response perception and cause phase issues within your mix.

Monitors should also be placed on stands or isolation pads to reduce vibrations from their monitors, which could otherwise be picked up by surfaces like your desk and chairs and impact your ability to listen critically. Acoustic treatment is therefore critical in home studio environments – helping reduce unwanted vibrations while creating an atmosphere conducive to creating music and mixing it all together.

MIDI Controllers

MIDI stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface and is essential in home studio recording environments. MIDI takes analog input from instruments and converts it to digital data that DAW software and hardware synthesizers can interpret. Without it, performances would need to be drawn note by note using your computer keyboard – instead there are various MIDI controllers to make that task much simpler!

Your recording style will determine the number and types of MIDI inputs and outputs you require; for example, a controller equipped with a full-sized keyboard is ideal for playing melodies and chords, whereas pad controllers are perfect for drum programming or beat making. Faders and knobs work best for mixing while faders/knobs can help in mixdown. Many MIDI controllers also include 5-pin DIN jacks or continuous controller (CC) pedal jacks to allow controlling devices beyond computers/keyboards.

When choosing a MIDI controller, its action and how it feels must also be carefully considered. Some designs incorporate weighted keys that mimic piano keys’ resistance while others provide less resistance upon touch.

To create a MIDI controller in Studio One, go to the Setup area of the Start page and choose Configure External Devices from the list of options. When adding your controller, in the following window select Name/Port from the drop down list; choose either its own MIDI port (for use with hardware synthesizers) or simply use keyboard output MIDI output MIDI port from keyboard (for use with software synthesizers). Also you must indicate whether this controller will serve as New Keyboard or New Instrument (see note below).


Computers are at the core of any home studio, serving as your gateway to music-making software and connecting all other elements in the studio, such as mics, audio interfaces and monitors. When selecting a computer to use in your studio, prioritize those with connections for both an audio interface and MIDI controller; they should also possess enough processing power to run DAW software smoothly while handling large files efficiently.

When recording vocals, look for a large diaphragm condenser microphone designed to capture natural and crisp tones. Such mics will help break up explosive “pops” that could compromise a recording. While modern digital technology makes producing great-sounding recordings from your bedroom easier than ever, keep in mind that real skills outweigh equipment purchases any day of the week.

Building a home studio can be an energizing and fulfilling experience for musicians of any experience level. Even novices can use professional-sounding recordings with just basic equipment to reach a wide audience of fans. When setting up your own home studio, the key consideration should be creating an environment conducive to creativity and productivity; simple accessories like audio cables, microphone stands and acoustic treatments can make all the difference when creating masterpieces! With the right setup, your music production aspirations could reach new heights by rising to the top of Spotify charts!